COPE, Thomas P. (Thomas Pim), 1768-1854
From Quaker Dictionary
Thomas Pim Cope (August 26, 1768 - November 22, 1854) was a merchant from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
- Name: Thomas Pim Cope
- Alternative names: Thomas Cope, Thomas P. Cope, T.P. Cope
- Gender: M
- Birth date: 26 August 1768
- Place of birth: Lancaster County, Pa.
- Nationality: US
- Spouse(s): Mary Drinker
- Children: Henry (b. 1793), Francis (b. 1794), Caroline (b. 1796), William Drinker (b. 1798), Caroline Rachel (b. 1802), Alfred (b. 1806), Eleanor (b. 1807)
- Meeting: Philadelphia Monthly Meeting, Philadelphia Monthly Meeting for the Northern District
- Disowned date: --
- Death date: 22 November 1854
- Place of death:
- Works by: Speech: T.P.C. on Banks and Currency (1838)
Thomas Pim Cope was born on August 26, 1768 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania to Caleb and Mary (nee Mendenhall) Cope. In 1784 or 1785, he apprenticed himself to his uncle Thomas Mendenhall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Cope married Mary Drinker of Philadelphia on May 17, 1792. The two had four sons and thee daughters. In 1797, Cope helped in the yellow fever times. He contracted the disease, but recovered. T.P. Cope and family transferred membership from Philadelphia Monthly Meeting to the Monthly Meeting for the Northern District, but transferred back in 1806. In 1838, Cope transferred membership to Philadelphia Monthly Meeting for the Southern District. His diary was published by Eliza Cope Harrison under the title of "Philadelphia Merchant."
By 1790, Thomas Pim Cope partnered with his employer and became a merchant. His first ship, the "Lancaster" was built in 1807. This was followed by a large fleet, all identified by a black maltese cross on the mainsail. In 1821, he established his packet line between Philadelphia and Liverpool, England. The success of his various enterprises led to his owning the largest mercantile business in America at the time. At his death, the business was carried on by his sons, Henry and Alfred, trading as H&A Cope. In 1880, it was sold in the face of rising competition from steamships. Thomas Cope's estate was valued at $1,474,000, much of which was left to Henry and Alfred since they were running the business. He favored the constructions of the Delaware and Chesapeake Canal, and the Pennsylvania Railroad. Cope also became President of Philadelphia's Board of Trade.
By securing Lemon Hill in 1797, Cope helped to create Fairmount Park in Philadelphia. In 1801, he helped to furnish abundant water from the Schuylkill. In 1837, Cope delivered a speech to Constitutional Convention of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, which would later be published. He was on the first board of Haverford College.
- Jour. Friends Hist. Soc., 14:24.
- Die. Am. Biog., 4:421.
- Chandler, Thomas P. Cope, esq., Taken from Hunt Merchants' Magazine, 201849)=355.
- Lippincott's Biog. Dictionary, p. 712. Sharpless, A Quaker experiment in gov't., 2:275
- Jos. Smith's Cat., suppl. p. 91.
- Hinshaw's Encyclopedia, 2.